Energy-Efficient High Performance Computing

Measurement and Tuning

By James H. Laros III , Kevin Pedretti , Suzanne M. Kelly , Wei Shu , Kurt Ferreira , John van Dyke , Courtenay Vaughan

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Energy-Efficient High Performance Computing Cover Image

  • ISBN13: 978-1-4471-4491-5
  • 81 Pages
  • User Level: Science
  • Publication Date: September 4, 2012
  • Available eBook Formats: PDF

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Full Description
In this work, the unique power measurement capabilities of the Cray XT architecture were exploited to gain an understanding of power and energy use, and the effects of tuning both CPU and network bandwidth. Modifications were made to deterministically halt cores when idle. Additionally, capabilities were added to alter operating P-state. At the application level, an understanding of the power requirements of a range of important DOE/NNSA production scientific computing applications running at large scale is gained by simultaneously collecting current and voltage measurements on the hosting nodes. The effects of both CPU and network bandwidth tuning are examined, and energy savings opportunities without impact on run-time performance are demonstrated. This research suggests that next-generation large-scale platforms should not only approach CPU frequency scaling differently, but could also benefit from the capability to tune other platform components to achieve more energy-efficient performance.
Table of Contents

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction.
  2. Platforms.
  3. Measuring Power.
  4. Applications.
  5. Reducing Power During Idle Cycles.
  6. Tuning CPU Power During Application Run
  7. Time.
  8. Network Bandwidth Tuning During Application Run
  9. Time.
  10. Energy Delay Product.
  11. Conclusions.

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