Ecological Studies

Ecology and Decline of Red Spruce in the Eastern United States

Editors: Eagar, Christopher, Adams, Mary B. (Eds.)

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About this book

In the early 1980s there were several published reports of recent, unexplained increases in mortality of red spruce in the Adirondack Mountains and the northern Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States. These reports coincided with documentation of reductions in radial growth of several species of pine in the southeastern United States, and with the severe, rapid, and widespread decline of Norway spruce, silver fir, and some hardwoods in central Europe. In all of these instances, atmospheric deposition was hypothesized as the cause of the decline. (Throughout this volume, we use the term "decline" to refer to a loosely synchronized regional-scale deterioration of tree health which is brought about by a combination of stress factors. These may be biotic or abiotic in nature, and the combinations may differ from site to site. ) Heated public debate about the causes and possible cures for these forest declines ensued. Through the course of this debate, it became clear that information about forest health and air pollution effects on forests was inadequate to meet policymakers' needs. Ecology and Decline of Red Spruce in the Eastern United States addresses that gap for eastern spruce­ fir forests and represents the culmination of a great deal of research conducted in recent years. The focus is on red spruce because the decline of red spruce was both dramatic and inexplicable and because of the great amount of information gathered on red spruce.

Table of contents (10 chapters)

Table of contents (10 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4612-2906-3
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $139.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-0-387-97786-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Institutional customers should get in touch with their account manager
  • Covid-19 shipping restrictions
  • This title is currently reprinting. You can pre-order your copy now.
Softcover $149.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4612-7714-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Institutional customers should get in touch with their account manager
  • Covid-19 shipping restrictions
  • Usually ready to be dispatched within 3 to 5 business days, if in stock

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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Ecology and Decline of Red Spruce in the Eastern United States
Editors
  • Christopher Eagar
  • Mary B. Adams
Series Title
Ecological Studies
Series Volume
96
Copyright
1992
Publisher
Springer-Verlag New York
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag New York, Inc.
eBook ISBN
978-1-4612-2906-3
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4612-2906-3
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-387-97786-7
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4612-7714-9
Series ISSN
0070-8356
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XII, 417
Topics