Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

Sources, Fate, Effects and Risks

Editors: Kümmerer, Klaus (Ed.)

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  • Addresses the most important issues in the field of pharmaceuticals in the environment for the near future
  • Typical examples and abundant data are presented
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  • ISBN 978-3-662-09259-0
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About this book

When the first green wave appeared in the mid and late 1960s, it was considered a fea­ sible task to solve pollution problems. The visible problems were mostly limited to point sources, and a comprehensive "end of the pipe technology" (= environmental technology) was available. It was even seriously discussed in the US that what was called "zero dis­ charge" could be attained by 1985. It became clear in the early 1970S that zero discharge would be too expensive, and that we should also rely on the self purification ability of ecosystems. That called for the development of environmental and ecological models to assess the self purifica­ tion capacity of ecosystems and to set up emission standards, considering the rela­ tionship between impacts and effects in the ecosystems. This idea is illustrated in Fig. 0.1. A model is used to relate an emission to its effect on the ecosystem and its components. The relationship is applied to select a good solution to environmental problems by application of environmental technology.

Reviews

From the reviews of the second edition:

“This new, expanded edition of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment … comprises 34 chapters from internationally recognized specialists in environmental science and risk assessment, providing a unique collection of integrated scientific knowledge. … This book effectively brings together all the major themes pertinent to the environmental risk assessment of drugs. … For scientists and regulators interested in synthetic chemicals in the environment, this is a highly valuable text and is reasonably priced for such a well-produced book.” (Tom Hutchinson, Aquatic Toxicology, Vol. 71 (4), March, 2005)

Table of contents (34 chapters)

Table of contents (34 chapters)
  • Pharmaceuticals in the Environment — Scope of the Book and Introduction

    Pages 3-11

    Kümmerer, K.

  • Special Characteristics of Pharmaceuticals Related to Environmental Fate

    Pages 13-24

    Cunningham, V. L.

  • Emissions from Medical Care Units

    Pages 27-44

    Kümmerer, K.

  • Pharmaceuticals in the Environment: Changes in the Presence and Concentrations of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use in Italy

    Pages 45-53

    Zuccato, E. (et al.)

  • Environmental Exposure of Antibiotics in Wastewaters, Sewage Sludges and Surface Waters in Switzerland

    Pages 55-66

    Alder, A. C. (et al.)

Buy this book

eBook $74.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-662-09259-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Pharmaceuticals in the Environment
Book Subtitle
Sources, Fate, Effects and Risks
Editors
  • Klaus Kümmerer
Copyright
2004
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-662-09259-0
DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-09259-0
Edition Number
2
Number of Pages
XXXI, 527
Number of Illustrations
68 b/w illustrations
Topics