Andrew Monkhouse is a moderator on the JavaRanch website, currently moderating the SCJD and SCJA forums. Andrew has passed SCJP 1.2, SCJP 1.4, SCJD, SCWCD, SCBCD, and part I of SCEA. He has been working with computers for too long (his first program was written on mark-sense cards, which are similar to punch cards). Andrew has worked in a number of positions, from programmer to architect and IT manager, working on VMS, Unix, Macintosh, and Microsoft operating systems. He's built back-end, middleware, and front-end solutions for a variety of industries.